Scientists

Robert Hooke - Artificial silk, cells, elasticity, astronomy, architecture, combustion, and more

Robert Hooke - Artificial silk, cells, elasticity, astronomy, architecture, combustion, and more

In the 1660’s and 1670’s, Robert Hooke proposed that silk could be produced artificially, coined the term “cell”, provided the first mechanics equation around the deformation of springs, claimed that light is a wave, worked as a leading architect in London, proposed that life can evolve and become extinct, suggested that air is made of particles, and contributed to the first planned city structure, all while nursing a bitter feud with Newton, Huygens, and many of the scientific establishment of the day.

William Gilbert - 17th century physician, scientific rebel, and forefather of electrospinning

William Gilbert - 17th century physician, scientific rebel, and forefather of electrospinning

In 1600, William Gilbert invented the electroscope, described the distortion of liquids near electrostatic charge, demonstrated that electricity and magnetism are separate forces, coined the term elektrik and elektrik force, and showed that the Earth is a magnet, all before succumbing to the Black Death.